Located in the village of Al Baleed in Salalah, the Land of Frankincense is one of many UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in Oman and was once the hub of the booming frankincense trade in the ancient world. Royal families from as far as China, Egypt and Rome, as early as 3,000 BC, pursued the precious resin of frankincense worth its weight in gold. Oman harvested the precious crop and shipped around the ancient world. As well as being offered as a tribute to the funerals of royal families and people of high social status, Frankincense was known for his healing and restorative properties.
“UNESCO chose the site of Al Baleed, considered by archaeologists to be the most significant remnants of an ancient Islamic city on the coast of the Arab Sea, as part of the historic home of the frankincense tree for which the Sultanate of Oman is famous, particularly since it was the most important export of Omani in ancient times,” said the Ministry of Tourism.
The Frankincense Land Museum is located in Salalah‘s Al Baleed area. It is divided into two main halls: the Hall of History in six parts, and the Marine Hall in seven sections. The Land of Frankincense Museum in Salalah surrounds Al Baleed Archeological Park’s ruins and is dedicated to this ancient port’s trading history. Visitors can discover how trade with Frankincense and maritime strength ensured the region flourished in the 12th century.
According to UNESCO, “The Wadi Dawkah frankincense trees and the remains of the Shisr / Wubar caravan oasis and the affiliated ports of Khor Rori and Al-Baleed illustrate vividly the frankincense trade that has flourished in this region for many centuries as one of the most important commercial activities of the ancient and mediaeval world.”