The Musandam Governorate is a governorate of Oman. Geographically, the Musandam peninsula juts into the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow entry into the Persian Gulf, from the Arabian Peninsula. The Musandam peninsula is an exclave of Oman, separated from the rest of the country by the United Arab Emirates. Musandam is acknowledged for its invigorating drift diving. For experienced divers who are in search of a special dive destination, diving in Musandam is perfect. Musandam is an arid, wild destination that is accessible by a three hour road transfer from Dubai. The only sizable population that is formed there is by the small town of Dibba and Khasab. The coast is defined by enormous cliffs formed in fjords that fall scenically into the sea.
Very fine coral reef diving is provided by the waters that surround the Straights of Hormuz and Musandam. More than 900 species of fish are attracted by the plankton rich waters, which range from cleaner wrasse to whale sharks. There are more than twenty-five established dive sites. Musandam is remote region where commercial fishing is not allowed. Once divers enter the water, they immediately notice the volume of marine life and a lasting impression is left on them.
Even the disposition of the dive sites varies, ranging from extensive coral gardens to walls. A large range of marine species are attracted by the combination of strong local currents and plankton, including eagle and manta rays, as well as whale sharks. Dolphins are quite fond of the calm waters of the fjords in Musandam and they often accompany the dive boats. Divers also encounter most species of turtles and a number of shark species. Underwater visibility is the trade off for the extensive diversity of pelagic life that usually lies in a range between 12 and 20 meters.